Subculture theory relates the elderly to a certain subculture. The latter is defined as a set of unique norms and values different from the norms and values prevailing in society. If aging people can make new druesy and preserve the already established connections, they are capable of creating such a subculture, and it helps them maintain a sense of psychological stability. There are two important points justify this view: 1. Special closeness between people who belong to this age group. 2. Their exclusion from the interaction with other groups.
Thus, it is assumed that discrimination on the relative to older persons and their sense of community give rise to the appearance of old age subculture. According to the authors of this theory, increasing the number of towns for retirees and other similar housing complexes, and the agencies for them to contribute to the formation of distinctive subcultures. Currently, the number of Russian regions is observed to build houses for single older people and couples that received high assessment at the International Seminar held in June 1996 r2 seems such residential complexes – the technology is very risky. Experiments thymus kind repeatedly opisany.3 Such houses can be seen in the first foremost as a means of isolating the individual from society. Formally, everything here seems to be required for the full, diverse, meaningful life.
And pharmacies, and shops, and service life, etc – All in one building. But in the end obtained by exclusion of older, their disintegration with the other members and groups in society and the closure of its experience of old age. Additionally, living in a 'ghetto' to limit the number of social roles of older people. Spetsdoma increase, decrease this process. This – means depersonalization contingent of residents, in essence, a boarding house, only with more comfortable conditions. A typical condition for its residents is a deprivation, due to lack of experience and information. In addition, a number of nursing homes 45% of residents die in the first six months, 54.4% – in the first goal, which is certainly not conducive to optimism and positive emotional background of the elderly it is so important for an active old age happy. Older people have a right to a normal life is possible only when they themselves take an active part in issues concerning them directly when they have the freedom to choose when they are not with them, experimenting. Some experts believe the most fruitful theory of 'age-stratification, according to which each generation of people is unique and has only his peculiar experience. Of course, the development of adequate theories of complex nature of human aging, taking into account the positive potential of people at older ages, as well as their distribution in society, along with the relevant social measures, is continuing. This process may be an additional factor in achieving longevity for all members of society. We are talking about positive and negative effects of theories of aging. Their impact on social policy towards the elderly, the formation of individual ways of life increases or reduces the active longevity.